Record Information
Version 1.0
Update Date 1/22/2018 12:54:53 PM
Metabolite IDPAMDB000412
Identification
Name: dATP
Description:dATP is a special carrier of energy and is the molecule adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. The ATP molecule is composed of three components. At the centre is a sugar molecule, [[ribose] (the same sugar that forms the basis of DNA). Attached to one side of this is a base (a group consisting of linked rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms); in this case the base is adenine. The other side of the sugar is attached to a string of phosphate groups. These phosphates are the key to the activity of ATP. ATP consists of a base, in this case adenine (red), a ribose (magenta) and a phosphate chain (blue). ATP works by losing the endmost phosphate group when instructed to do so by an enzyme. This reaction releases a lot of energy, which the organism can then use to build proteins, etc.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • 2'-Deoxy-5'-ATP
  • 2'-Deoxy-ATP
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphoric acid
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine triphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine triphosphoric acid
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-triphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-triphosphoric acid
  • 2'-DeoxyATP
  • DATP
  • Deoxy-ATP
  • Deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate
  • Deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphoric acid
  • Deoxyadenosine triphosphate
  • Deoxyadenosine triphosphoric acid
  • Deoxyadenosine-triphosphate
  • Deoxyadenosine-triphosphoric acid
Chemical Formula: C10H12N5O12P3
Average Molecular Weight: 487.152
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 486.97172616
InChI Key: SUYVUBYJARFZHO-RRKCRQDMSA-J
InChI:InChI=1S/C10H16N5O12P3/c11-9-8-10(13-3-12-9)15(4-14-8)7-1-5(16)6(25-7)2-24-29(20,21)27-30(22,23)26-28(17,18)19/h3-7,16H,1-2H2,(H,20,21)(H,22,23)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,17,18,19)/p-4/t5-,6+,7+/m0/s1
CAS number: 1927-31-7
IUPAC Name:({[({[(2R,3S,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3-hydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name: dATP
SMILES:[H][C@]1(O)C[C@@]([H])(O[C@]1([H])COP([O-])(=O)OP([O-])(=O)OP([O-])([O-])=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
Chemical Taxonomy
Taxonomy DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates. These are purine nucleotides with triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
Kingdom Organic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
Class Purine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine deoxyribonucleotides
Direct Parent Purine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Saccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular Framework Aromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State: Solid
Charge:-3
Melting point: Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.83 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.66ALOGPS
logP-5.3ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.9ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count13ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area258.9 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity94.3 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability38.05 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations: Cytoplasm
Reactions:
Pathways:
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000f-0800900000-fa3d4e7a131ac1b4c8e7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-1900000000-91f17c669f5b4e231613View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-2900000000-66cc97431dd4c6ef5edbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
References
References:
  • Bennett, B. D., Kimball, E. H., Gao, M., Osterhout, R., Van Dien, S. J., Rabinowitz, J. D. (2009). "Absolute metabolite concentrations and implied enzyme active site occupancy in Escherichia coli." Nat Chem Biol 5:593-599. Pubmed: 19561621
  • Bory C, Boulieu R, Souillet G, Chantin C, Guibaud P, Hershfield MS: Effect of polyethylene glycol-modified adenosine deaminase (PEG-ADA) therapy in two ADA-deficient children: measurement of erythrocyte deoxyadenosine triphosphate as a useful tool. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991;309A:173-6. Pubmed: 1789201
  • Bory C, Boulieu R, Souillet G, Chantin C, Rolland MO, Mathieu M, Hershfield M: Comparison of red cell transfusion and polyethylene glycol-modified adenosine deaminase therapy in an adenosine deaminase-deficient child: measurement of erythrocyte deoxyadenosine triphosphate as a useful tool. Pediatr Res. 1990 Aug;28(2):127-30. Pubmed: 2395602
  • Chen SH, Ochs HD, Scott CR, Giblett ER, Tingle AJ: Adenosine deaminase deficiency: disappearance of adenine deoxynucleotides from a patient's erythrocytes after successful marrow transplantation. J Clin Invest. 1978 Dec;62(6):1386-9. Pubmed: 372236
  • Cowan MJ, Shannon KM, Wara DW, Ammann AJ: Rejection of bone marrow transplant and resistance of alloantigen reactive cells to in vivo deoxyadenosine in adenosine deaminase deficiency. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1988 Nov;49(2):242-50. Pubmed: 2971490
  • Dang-Vu AP, Olsen EA, Vollmer RT, Greenberg ML, Hershfield MS: Treatment of cutaneous T cell lymphoma with 2'-deoxycoformycin (pentostatin). J Am Acad Dermatol. 1988 Oct;19(4):692-8. Pubmed: 3263401
  • Donofrio J, Coleman MS, Hutton JJ, Daoud A, Lampkin B, Dyminski J: Overproduction of adenine deoxynucleosides and deoxynucletides in adenosine deaminase deficiency with severe combined immunodeficiency disease. J Clin Invest. 1978 Oct;62(4):884-7. Pubmed: 308954
  • Goday A, Simmonds HA, Webster DR, Levinsky RJ, Watson AR, Hoffbrand AV: Importance of platelet-free preparations for evaluating lymphocyte nucleotide levels in inherited or acquired immunodeficiency syndromes. Clin Sci (Lond). 1983 Dec;65(6):635-43. Pubmed: 6414755
  • Grever MR, Siaw MF, Jacob WF, Neidhart JA, Miser JS, Coleman MS, Hutton JJ, Balcerzak SP: The biochemical and clinical consequences of 2'-deoxycoformycin in refractory lymphoproliferative malignancy. Blood. 1981 Mar;57(3):406-17. Pubmed: 6970050
  • Gruber HE, Cohen AH, Firestein GS, Redelman D, Bluestein HG: Deoxy-ATP accumulation in adenosine deaminase-inhibited human B and T lymphocytes. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1986;195 Pt A:503-7. Pubmed: 3487921
  • Hirschhorn R, Roegner V, Rubinstein A, Papageorgiou P: Plasma deoxyadenosine, adenosine, and erythrocyte deoxyATP are elevated at birth in an adenosine deaminase-deficient child. J Clin Invest. 1980 Mar;65(3):768-71. Pubmed: 6965496
  • Hirschhorn R, Roegner-Maniscalco V, Kuritsky L, Rosen FS: Bone marrow transplantation only partially restores purine metabolites to normal in adenosine deaminase-deficient patients. J Clin Invest. 1981 Dec;68(6):1387-93. Pubmed: 7033281
  • Hoffbrand AV, Ganeshaguru K, Hooton JW, Tattersall MH: Effect of iron deficiency and desferrioxamine on DNA synthesis in human cells. Br J Haematol. 1976 Aug;33(4):517-26. Pubmed: 1009024
  • Ishii, N., Nakahigashi, K., Baba, T., Robert, M., Soga, T., Kanai, A., Hirasawa, T., Naba, M., Hirai, K., Hoque, A., Ho, P. Y., Kakazu, Y., Sugawara, K., Igarashi, S., Harada, S., Masuda, T., Sugiyama, N., Togashi, T., Hasegawa, M., Takai, Y., Yugi, K., Arakawa, K., Iwata, N., Toya, Y., Nakayama, Y., Nishioka, T., Shimizu, K., Mori, H., Tomita, M. (2007). "Multiple high-throughput analyses monitor the response of E. coli to perturbations." Science 316:593-597. Pubmed: 17379776
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Morgan G, Levinsky RJ, Hugh-Jones K, Fairbanks LD, Morris GS, Simmonds HA: Heterogeneity of biochemical, clinical and immunological parameters in severe combined immunodeficiency due to adenosine deaminase deficiency. Clin Exp Immunol. 1987 Dec;70(3):491-9. Pubmed: 3436096
  • Nespoli L, Porta F, Locatelli F, Aversa F, Carotti A, Lanfranchi A, Gibardi A, Marchesi ME, Abate L, Martelli MF, et al.: Successful lectin-separated bone marrow transplantation in adenosine deaminase deficiency-related severe immunodeficiency. Haematologica. 1990 Nov-Dec;75(6):546-50. Pubmed: 2098297
  • Peters GJ, De Abreu RA, Oosterhof A, Veerkamp JH: Concentration of nucleotides and deoxynucleotides in peripheral and phytohemagglutinin-stimulated mammalian lymphocytes. Effects of adenosine and deoxyadenosine. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Aug 23;759(1-2):7-15. Pubmed: 6603870
  • Schmalstieg FC, Mills GC, Tsuda H, Goldman AS: Severe combined immunodeficiency in a child with a healthy adenosine deaminase deficient mother. Pediatr Res. 1983 Dec;17(12):935-40. Pubmed: 6606796
  • Simmonds HA, Fairbanks LD, Morris GS, Webster DR, Harley EH: Altered erythrocyte nucleotide patterns are characteristic of inherited disorders of purine or pyrimidine metabolism. Clin Chim Acta. 1988 Feb 15;171(2-3):197-210. Pubmed: 3370820
  • Simmonds HA, Sahota A, Potter CF, Perrett D, Hugh-Jones K, Watson JG: Purine metabolism in adenosine deaminase deficiency. Ciba Found Symp. 1978;(68):255-62. Pubmed: 387357
  • Simmonds HA, Webster DR, Perrett D, Reiter S, Levinsky RJ: Formation and degradation of deoxyadenosine nucleotides in inherited adenosine deaminase deficiency. Biosci Rep. 1982 May;2(5):303-14. Pubmed: 6980023
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
  • Waddell D, Ullman B: Characterization of a cultured human T-cell line with genetically altered ribonucleotide reductase activity. Model for immunodeficiency. J Biol Chem. 1983 Apr 10;258(7):4226-31. Pubmed: 6339493
  • Zofall M, Bartholomew B: Two novel dATP analogs for DNA photoaffinity labeling. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4382-90. Pubmed: 11058139
Synthesis Reference: Munch-Petersen, Agnete. Formation in vitro of deoxyadenosine triphosphate from deoxyadenosine in Ehrlich ascites cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1960), 3 392-6.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Download (PDF)
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16284
HMDB IDHMDB01532
Pubchem Compound ID15993
Kegg IDC00131
ChemSpider ID15194
WikipediaDeoxyadenosine triphosphate
BioCyc IDDATP
EcoCyc IDDATP
Ligand ExpoDTP

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in nucleic acid binding
Specific function:
In addition to polymerase activity, this DNA polymerase exhibits 3' to 5' and 5' to 3' exonuclease activity. It is able to utilize nicked circular duplex DNA as a template and can unwind the parental DNA strand from its template
Gene Name:
polA
Locus Tag:
PA5493
Molecular weight:
99.8 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. The epsilon subunit contain the editing function and is a proofreading 3'-5' exonuclease
Gene Name:
dnaQ
Locus Tag:
PA1816
Molecular weight:
26.8 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
The gamma chain seems to interact with the delta subunit to transfer the beta subunit on the DNA
Gene Name:
dnaX
Locus Tag:
PA1532
Molecular weight:
73.3 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate
Gene Name:
ndk
Locus Tag:
PA3807
Molecular weight:
15.6 kDa
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. The beta chain is required for initiation of replication once it is clamped onto DNA, it slides freely (bidirectional and ATP- independent) along duplex DNA
Gene Name:
dnaN
Locus Tag:
PA0002
Molecular weight:
40.7 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in [formate-C-acetyltransferase]-activating enzyme activity
Specific function:
Activation of anaerobic ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase under anaerobic conditions by generation of an organic free radical, using S-adenosylmethionine and reduced flavodoxin as cosubstrates to produce 5'-deoxy-adenosine
Gene Name:
nrdG
Locus Tag:
PA1919
Molecular weight:
25.7 kDa
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate
Gene Name:
pykF
Locus Tag:
PA1498
Molecular weight:
51.5 kDa
Reactions
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate.
General function:
Involved in nucleoside-triphosphate diphosphatase activity
Specific function:
Specific function unknown
Gene Name:
mazG
Locus Tag:
PA0935
Molecular weight:
31.2 kDa
Reactions
ATP + H(2)O = AMP + diphosphate.
General function:
Involved in 3'-5' exonuclease activity
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. The alpha chain is the DNA polymerase
Gene Name:
dnaE
Locus Tag:
PA3640
Molecular weight:
130.9 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate
Gene Name:
pykA
Locus Tag:
PA4329
Molecular weight:
52.3 kDa
Reactions
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate.
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. The delta subunit seems to interact with the gamma subunit to transfer the beta subunit on the DNA
Gene Name:
holA
Locus Tag:
PA3989
Molecular weight:
37.4 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity
Gene Name:
holB
Locus Tag:
PA2961
Molecular weight:
35.7 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin
Gene Name:
nrdD
Locus Tag:
PA1920
Molecular weight:
76.1 kDa
Reactions
2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin disulfide + H(2)O = ribonucleoside triphosphate + thioredoxin.
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3' to 5' exonuclease activity
Gene Name:
holC
Locus Tag:
PA3832
Molecular weight:
16.1 kDa
Reactions
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. This small ubiquitous enzyme involved in the energy metabolism and nucleotide synthesis, is essential for maintenance and cell growth
Gene Name:
adk
Locus Tag:
PA3686
Molecular weight:
23.1 kDa
Reactions
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP.