Record Information
Version 1.0
Update Date 1/22/2018 12:54:53 PM
Metabolite IDPAMDB000321
Identification
Name: Propionyl-CoA
Description:Propionyl-CoA is an intermediate in the metabolism of propanoate. Propionyl-CoA is a substrate for acetyl-CoA synthetase, propionyl-CoA synthetase and 2-methylcitrate synthase. It is also involved in beta-alanine metabolism, Valine, leucine abd isoleucine degradation and C5-branched dibasic acid metabolism pathways.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms:
  • 2-methylacetyl-CoA
  • 2-methylacetyl-Coenzyme A
  • a-Methylacetyl-CoA
  • a-Methylacetyl-coenzyme A
  • Alpha-methylacetyl-CoA
  • Alpha-methylacetyl-Coenzyme A
  • N-Propionyl-CoA
  • Propanoyl-CoA
  • Propanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • Propionyl-CoA
  • Propionyl-coenzyme A
  • α-Methylacetyl-CoA
  • α-Methylacetyl-coenzyme A
Chemical Formula: C24H40N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight: 823.597
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 823.141423115
InChI Key: QAQREVBBADEHPA-UXYNFSPESA-N
InChI:InChI=1S/C24H40N7O17P3S/c1-4-15(33)52-8-7-26-14(32)5-6-27-22(36)19(35)24(2,3)10-45-51(42,43)48-50(40,41)44-9-13-18(47-49(37,38)39)17(34)23(46-13)31-12-30-16-20(25)28-11-29-21(16)31/h11-13,17-19,23,34-35H,4-10H2,1-3H3,(H,26,32)(H,27,36)(H,40,41)(H,42,43)(H2,25,28,29)(H2,37,38,39)/t13-,17-,18-,19?,23-/m1/s1
CAS number: 317-66-8
IUPAC Name:{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-(propanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name: propionyl-coa
SMILES:CCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Taxonomy DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
Kingdom Organic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Class Fatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent Acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular Framework Aromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State: Solid
Charge:-4
Melting point: Not Available
Experimental Properties:
PropertyValueSource
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.27 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.31ALOGPS
logP-6.3ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count21ChemAxon
Refractivity176.83 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability73.8 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations: Cytoplasm
Reactions:
Pathways:
Spectra
Spectra:
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1901000220-8d8b91979e9c40176540View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0912000000-7c91e2c2f2f0d7b4a3adView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2901000000-4311d5cc2b23055e1e3eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-9830230550-4bec7e3f4052a0f39eefView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0560-4910100000-d7281a44fcd4120a6bcdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-19dd2ec65951d55b39f7View in MoNA
References
References:
  • Bennett, B. D., Kimball, E. H., Gao, M., Osterhout, R., Van Dien, S. J., Rabinowitz, J. D. (2009). "Absolute metabolite concentrations and implied enzyme active site occupancy in Escherichia coli." Nat Chem Biol 5:593-599. Pubmed: 19561621
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
  • Winder, C. L., Dunn, W. B., Schuler, S., Broadhurst, D., Jarvis, R., Stephens, G. M., Goodacre, R. (2008). "Global metabolic profiling of Escherichia coli cultures: an evaluation of methods for quenching and extraction of intracellular metabolites." Anal Chem 80:2939-2948. Pubmed: 18331064
Synthesis Reference: Sokatch, John R.; Sanders, Lois E.; Marshall, Vincent P. Oxidation of methylmalonate semialdehyde to propionyl coenzyme A in Pseudomonas aeruginosa grown on valine. Journal of Biological Chemistry (1968), 243(10), 2500-6.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15539
HMDB IDHMDB01275
Pubchem Compound ID439164
Kegg IDC00100
ChemSpider ID388310
WikipediaPropionyl-CoA
BioCyc IDPROPIONYL-COA
EcoCyc IDPROPIONYL-COA

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in phosphate acetyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acetyl-CoA + phosphate = CoA + acetyl phosphate
Gene Name:
pta
Locus Tag:
PA0835
Molecular weight:
75.7 kDa
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + phosphate = CoA + acetyl phosphate.
General function:
Involved in acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the final step of fatty acid oxidation in which acetyl-CoA is released and the CoA ester of a fatty acid two carbons shorter is formed. Involved in the aerobic and anaerobic degradation of long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
fadA
Locus Tag:
PA3013
Molecular weight:
41.6 kDa
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in acetate-CoA ligase activity
Specific function:
Enables the cell to use acetate during aerobic growth to generate energy via the TCA cycle, and biosynthetic compounds via the glyoxylate shunt. Acetylates CheY, the response regulator involved in flagellar movement and chemotaxis
Gene Name:
acs
Locus Tag:
PA0887
Molecular weight:
71.8 kDa
Reactions
ATP + acetate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + acetyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups, acyl groups converted into alkyl on transfer
Specific function:
Catalyzes the synthesis of 2-methylcitrate from propionyl-CoA and oxaloacetate. Also catalyzes the condensation of oxaloacetate with acetyl-CoA but with a lower specificity
Gene Name:
prpC
Locus Tag:
PA0795
Molecular weight:
41.7 kDa
Reactions
Propanoyl-CoA + H(2)O + oxaloacetate = (2R,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate + CoA.